// Open knowledge creation
// Crowdsourcing scientific research
Open science boilt down to providing open access to the results of research (open publications, open data, open code, …) but why don’t go further by opening & crowdsourcing the process of knowledge creation itself?
Come & understand the stakes, get recommandations & best practices from open science project leader around europe.
Open science is today beginning to take a new turn, revolutionizing how scientific research is achieved. So far, open science boilt down to providing open access to the results of research (open publications, open data, open code, …). Some initiatives have taken it one stage further by opening and crowdsourcing the process of knowledge creation itself. Here, researchers provide publicly (on blogs, wikis or forums) the current state of their ongoing work and experimentation, and explain what they are achieving but also where they are blocked.
This aims to crowdsource the creativity and intelligence of other colleagues outside their labs, or of non-scientists. An example is the Polymath project, where for example high-profile mathematicians leveraged the help of an online community of mathematicians to solve important problems they were encountering. This allows science to progress fastest, and even to reach results otherwise unreachable. This goes also further than participative science, where for example everyone can contribute observations of stars or plants to fill in the databases of scientists. Here it is the very process of understanding and problem solving which is crowdsourced.
This is at the same time shacking the traditional model of authorship in science. The notion of being “the” person of “the” lab who discovered a phenomenon or invented a new method becomes blurred, as they can be generated by large group of partially anonymous contributors. This also opens the possibility to other researchers to explore alternatives of one’s own openly communicated idea and get to the goal earlier. Such challenges have already found stimulating approaches in the world of open-source software and hardware. Yet, specific questions arise when they are applied to scientific research, related to the organization and recognition of authorship in science.
The special session on open science at Fossa will explore these new directions where the process of discovery is being reinvented, as well as the challenges that arise.